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Spoofing Services

Spoofing services? What does that have to do with anything? Plenty. Lets pretend that we have a web server running on, and since we've gotten increasingly suspicious of our network security, we desire to not run this server on port 80 since that requires a brief lifespan as the root user. But how do we run it on a less privledged port of 8000 in this world of "anything dot com"? How will anyone find our server? We can use the redirection facilities of NAT to solve this problem by instructing it to remap any connections destined for to really point to This uses the rdr keyword:
rdr tun0 port 80 -> port 8000
We can also specify the protocol here, if we wanted to redirect a UDP service, instead of a TCP service (which is the default). For example, if we had a honeypot on our firewall to impersonate the popular Back Orifice for Windows, we could shovel our entire network into this one place with a simple rule:
rdr tun0 port 31337 -> port 31337 udp
An extremely important point must be made about rdr: You cannot easily[[dagger]] use this feature as a "reflector". E.g:
rdr tun0 port 80 -> port 80 tcp
will not work in the situation where .5 and .6 are on the same LAN segment. [[footnote: [[dagger]] Yes. There is a way to do this. It's so convoluted that I refuse to use it, though. Smart people who require this functionality will transparently redirect into something like TIS plug-gw on Stupid people will set up a dummy loop interface pair and double rewrite. ]] The rdr function is applied to packets that enter the firewall on the specified interface. When a packet comes in that matches a rdr rule, its destination address is then rewritten, it is pushed into ipf for filtering, and should it successfully run the gauntlet of filter rules, it is then sent to the unix routing code. Since this packet is still inbound on the same interface that it will need to leave the system on to reach a host, the system gets confused. Reflectors don't work. Neither does specifying the address of the interface the packet just came in on. Always remember that rdr destinations must exit out of the firewall host on a different interface. [[dagger]][[dagger]] [[footnote: [[dagger]][[dagger]] This includes, by the way. That's on lo0. Neat, huh? ]]