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extract

extract -- Import variables into the symbol table from an array

Description

void extract(array var_array, int [extract_type], string [prefix]);

This function is used to import variables from an array into the current symbol table. It takes associative array var_array and treats keys as variable names and values as variable values. For each key/value pair it will create a variable in the current symbol table, subject to extract_type and prefix parameters.

extract() checks for colissions with existing variables. The way collisions are treated is determined by extract_type. It can be one of the following values:

EXTR_OVERWRITE

If there is a collision, overwrite the existing variable.

EXTR_SKIP

If there is a collision, don't overwrite the existing variable.

EXTR_PREFIX_SAME

If there is a collision, prefix the new variable with prefix.

EXTR_PREFIX_ALL

Prefix all variables with prefix.

If extract_type is not specified, it is assumed to be EXTR_OVERWRITE.

Note that prefix is only required if extract_type is EXTR_PREFIX_SAME or EXTR_PREFIX_ALL.

extract() checks each key to see if it constitues a valid variable name, and if it does only then does it proceed to import it.

A possible use for extract is to import into symbol table variables contained in an associative array returned by wddx_deserialize().

Example 1. extract example

<?

/* Suppose that $var_array is an array returned from
   wddx_deserialize */
$size = "large";
$var_array = array("color" => "blue",
                   "size"  => "medium",
                   "shape" => "sphere");
extract($var_array, EXTR_PREFIX_SAME, "wddx");

print "$color, $size, $shape, $wddx_size\n";

?>
      

The above example will produce:

blue, large, sphere, medium
	 

The $size wasn't overwritten, becaus we specified EXTR_PREFIX_SAME, which resulted in $wddx_size being created. If EXTR_SKIP was specified, then $wddx_size wouldn't even have been created. EXTR_OVERWRITE would have cause $size to have value "medium", and EXTR_PREFIX_ALL would result in new variables being named $wddx_color, $wddx_size, and $wddx_shape.

 

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